Compensators are inherently intended to protect the main and ordinary pipelines from damages which result from thermal expansion when transporting the environment. The compensator rubber is a special kind of products. It is also called an anti-vibration insert. It differs from other types of condensers in the fact that its working element is made from special rubber.
Material of production of the compensator
For production of an anti-vibration insert there is a synthetic rubber. Material is allocated with special physical properties. It has special cord reinforcing. Features of production and material allow to operate products within 20 years at observance of specifications of application. In the period of service the rubber compensator made of qualitative rubber will not demand either repair, or service that does its application economic. Mission of products. Rubber compensation products are made for application in the main pipelines of the most different type.
- compensation of length of a pipe as a result of temperature influences and not coaxiality of connections;
- removal of the loadings arising under the influence of vibration processes from any operation of units and the equipment as a part of system;
- sealing of system;
- prevention of deformations and, as a result, connection destructions.
Features and advantages of an anti-vibration insert Being an important constructive element of the pipeline, the compensator rubber maintains cyclic shifts from assembly situation, and also short-term deformation:
- axial compression;
- axial lengthening,
- in the lateral direction.
Anti-vibration products will keep the properties invariable at the sudden termination of circulation of the transported environment. They are not damaged at education in the highway of vakuum, and also at sharp restoration of functioning of the environment. After restoration of a current of a stream rubber compensators will continue to work qualitatively as a part of the highway. Specifications of operation and choice of model. The working element of the compensator rubber settles down between steel flanges. The structure of a product is multilayered. Is present at it:
- rubber external layer,
- the reinforced product framework;
- rubber inside layer;
- insulating inside layer.
Choosing an anti-vibration insert, it is necessary to check carefully whether there corresponds material of processing of internal part of a product of that to Wednesday which will be overtaken on the highway. Mount anti-vibration inserts even in pipelines where hostile environment is transported. For this purpose special products which internal surface passed processing by silicone are chosen. Models of rubber inserts, different in type, work under the following specifications:
- temperature condition of a working environment - from-40 to 200 °C;
- pressure is up to 25 kg/cm2.
Models of compensators with an internal ring are intended for work as a part of pipeline systems of low pressure with possibility of vacuum. There are also products with several arches. They guarantee the maximum compensation of deformations diversely. The professional master as safety, reliability, quality of connection and term of operation of the pipeline depends on it has to carry out the choice of model.