Deratization (extermination of rodents)Deratization, extermination of the rodents who are sources or carriers of infectious diseases (plague, a tulyaremiya, leyshmanioza, etc.) and causing economic damage to economy. Deratization (extermination of rodents), is carried out against mass species of rodents. Mainly from family mouse-like (rats and mice), and also homyakoobrazny (sandworts, voles, hamsters), etc., living in settlements, by the ships, planes, in deserts, steppes, the woods.
Distinguish preventive and destructive deratization.
Destructive deratization (extermination of rodents) is obligatory for all enterprises and establishments and has to be carried out during the whole year. The preventive departments of sanitary and epidemiologic stations having permission to this kind of activity carry out deratization (extermination of rodents). With the increased number of the mouse-like rodents occupying more than 50% of the territory of the inhabited objects will organize the continuous deratization which is carried out 2 times a year (February — March and September). At frequent settling by rodents of the settlement deratization (extermination of rodents) is carried out selectively.
Apply biological, chemical and mechanical methods to carrying out deratization (fight against rodents). The leading method of fight against rodents is chemical. By a chemical method widely apply to extermination of rodents: zoobenzopyrone, ratindan, zinc phosphide, krysid, etc., in the form of a bait. The mechanical method of fight against rodents is based on use of traps, traps, presses, zhivolovka, otpugivatel, etc.