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The modern technology of construction of frame wooden houses is calculated on more than 100-year term of operation and can serve to many generations.
Modern technology of construction of frame houses, having taken all valuable of centuries-old experience of construction and operation, gained new development in the light of new technologies and materials. Its widest circulation began in the middle of the last century, especially in post-war years when the mass problem of restoration of the cities of Europe and provision of housing for immigrants to North America (the USA and Canada) was solved. Frame and panel houses as well as possible were suitable for the solution of housing problems, first of all owing to speed of construction, durability, reliability, and, at the same time, to the minimum cost.
Wooden frame houses exist already several hundreds of years. Simple, but at the same time extremely reliable and steady constructive scheme, allowed to reach to a large number of houses from the Middle Ages up to now. Incredibly, but the fact — in Europe there are 300-year frame houses (in construction terminology fakhverkovy) which not only perfectly remained up to now, but also are still successfully operated. The technology of wooden frame construction was postponed for the American continent in the 17th century by the Dutch immigrants.
Technology of construction of the frame house
Now there are two main technologies of construction of frame houses (them also still call frame and panel or frame and panel board houses).
The first technology known from 80th years of the last century, provides step-by-step construction directly on a building site. In Soviet period because of poor quality of assembly and lack of effective heaters such houses were considered as housing for seasonal accommodation. But thanks to emergence of new technologies and materials, this stereotype gradually consigns to the past. Now steady increase of demand for wooden frame houses which the increasing percent of the population considers as the ideal decision for comfortable country housing is observed.
Modern construction of frame houses begins at plant. The framework of the house which is carefully processed by antipirenovy and bioprotective structures is made of dried wood, packed and completed on the project. On a building site there is an installation of a framework, warming, and also the subsequent covering of a framework OSB plates. The houses built on such technology often are called the Canadian frame houses or the Finnish frame houses. The possibility of processing of materials industrially allows to achieve excellent quality of assembly elements, their high geometrical precision. A natural result — beautiful frame houses, modern, warm and strong.
The second technology of construction of frame houses provides not only production of accessories, but also the integrated assembly of designs in special shops. Factory readiness in this case reaches 60%. The houses built on this technology usually are called the German frame houses. It is a modern perspective way of development of construction of wooden frame houses. On the platform installation from large panels of factory readiness — that is elements of walls and a roof is made.
Advantages of frame houses on the German technology:
- high-quality assembly of designs and long maintenance free operation;
- faultless assembly, fast crane installation of ready designs of the house.