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The press on fabric — one of the most demanded and popular positions. We mean any textiles by "fabric" and if to speak about products, then these are t-shirts (and also shirts, jackets, vests, Tolstoyans, etc.), baseball caps (of course both hats, and a bandana, and a cap), scarfs, cloths, towels, and also bags, umbrellas and other. And the main thing that you need to know, is that for different fabrics there is the technology of the press. In any production company before calling the price and to undertake execution of the order, the manager or the technologist will surely look at the model of the image (design layout), will decide on fabric to which the image will be applied, will ask questions of circulation and terms, and only after that will tell — whether it is possible to carry out conceived by you.
Let's consider the main, most used technologies of the press on fabric.
At the beginning of development of the market when production of the press on souvenirs in our country only arose, and demand all increased, simplicity, universality and low price made this type of the press practically panacea in the solution of any inquiries of customers. And a decisive factor was the fact that production does not demand big expenses, the equipment is available at the price. The plotter, a press and the computer — that's all that is required — can be made! From t-shirts to umbrellas and flags. It is technology of the press most popular today on fabric — perhaps, the most universal and fastest way on time.
The transfer press is the press via the intermediate carrier. In this case — through the special paper or a special film very similar to Oracal film. At first apply the image on the printer to paper or paint, and then press a thermopress to the decorated subject, and process is ended. With a film it is even simpler — the image is cut out on the plotter, and the press is farther and it is ready! For different cases there are special papers — for white and for color fabrics, for skin, for a tree, metal or ceramics. The film happens with smooth and to a flocked surface too. The press allows to print with a film graphics in one or even several flowers, and is irreplaceable where good resistance to washing, and circulation small — from 1 piece is required, for example when drawings logos on overalls.
And if you want the photo on a t-shirt or any full-color picture, then there is nothing impossible, the image will be applied by means of printing. But besides advantages of a transfer there are also shortcomings. It is not really resistant technology, these are souvenir products literally. Of course, they can be carried, erased and ironed, but very short time. The transfer layer flies, fades, and in general becomes not esthetic. It, first of all, concerns a transfer on a paper basis. With a film the situation is much better, and on stability it also strongly keeps, as well as paint, but a "film" look not always corresponds to design tasks, and the image is possible only graphic.
So we will apply transfer technologies, only if it is necessary a little, cheap and very quickly.
Batic and silk-screen printing
Two most ancient ways of the press — the batic and silk-screen printing, not only did not lose relevance today, but became a basis of many technologies. First of all we will talk about silk-screen printing or as it is called still — shelkotrafart.
It is possible to receive the image on a subject by means of paint and a cliche, as it is known to all who at least once made out something or drew. And receiving the thin detailed drawing or even the photo possible in one way — through a synthetic grid. Polyester fibers thought up not so long ago, and a method — oh what ancient!
Emergence of a shelkotrafaret as arts and crafts, belongs to an era of board of a dynasty Qin in Ancient China, the only then producer of highly qualitative silk. The root "silk" in the word "silk-screen printing" just also means that paint when drawing the image was pressed through through a silk grid. Since then the technology left far forward, and silk as it paradoxically sounds, in silk-screen printing is not applied any more.
In modern understanding this way of the press was patented in 1907 by a certain Simon from Manchester (in England) under the name SILK SCREEN PRINTING ("the press via the silk screen"), and fast introduction of this method in the industry began during World War I when in the USA retail networks began to appear. Each network had to have the corporate style — signs, show-windows, aprons and hats with company symbolics. But all this was required by small circulations — 50, 200, as a last resort, of 1000 pieces. For traditional polygraphy — circulation not favorable, and for a shelkotrafaret — just right! The method was improved and took everything new and new scopes. First, it allows to print practically on any materials — beginning from balloons and plastic bags and finishing with cases of rockets. Secondly, it is perfectly combined and supplements any traditional products, decorating them, for example the dial of hours or a ready wall calendar, and in the third, allows to carry out images of any sizes — from miniatures to huge panels.
So, the method of the shelkotrafaretny press which was earlier a prerogative of the state, tsekhovik and counterfeiters is nowadays widely applied to production of the diverse production. But as any production — has both the specifics, and the difficulties. The stencil process is the press paint, and, so the special room, special machines, paints and chemistry, well and, of course, the technologist is required. Therefore the rule here too remains — at first to look at the design layout, to decide on amount of colors, circulation and to decide to print on what, and then to call the price and to take the order. Quality of the press on fabrics in many respects depends on experience and ability of the technologist and the printer. In spite of the fact that there are modern printing machines automatic machines, on the majority of productions, there are presses where all process happens manually. Therefore before placing the order, it is good to look to you at quality of printing prints and samples of the orders which are already executed earlier.
What you need to know about technology of the press? To print one color it is necessary to make one cliche on a special frame. If colors 6 — that and frames is prepared six. Production of a pattern frame, of course, demands expenses and therefore the producer takes money for it (on average over the country one frame costs 300 rubles). The cost of frames is added to the cost of the press of all circulation, therefore, the more circulation, the cheaper unit turns out, unlike transfer technologies where cost practically does not depend on circulation, and the price of one product at the circulation of 2 pieces and at the circulation of 200 pieces will be identical!
Further, the press on white fabrics is always cheaper, than on color (and in transfer technologies too). It is connected with the fact that it is necessary to block color of a background so that the image turned out bright and corresponded to flowers of the design layout. Some paints are transparent on the structure and suit only for full-color images and for the press on a white background. Paints for dark fabrics can not always "block" a dark basis and demand the press of complementary white color as a substrate, and, so and production of an additional frame.
Reproduction of color is one of the questions most difficult today. The matter is that in a stencil process on fabric it is almost impossible to use instrumentations for a color rendition assessment therefore control of color is exercised visually by means of our eyes, i.e. value judgment of the characteristic of color is used. It follows from this that the correct assessment of color is influenced by such essential factors as: thresholds of perception of lightness, color tone, a saturation, and also lighting of the room, a surrounding color background on the sealed production, regional contrast, etc. One more complexity is that to reproduce the color specified according to the catalog of standard Pantone colors perhaps only approximately as special paints for a stencil process differ according to the color characteristics and do not give full coincidence even on chalk overlay paper. And exact reproduction of the chosen color on color products is, almost, impossible. For correct selection of color we recommend to coordinate and approve colors on samples before the circulation press. But also will be of it more expensive, and the cost of selection of every color will be added to the cost of your order.
Except inexact combination of flowers and an inexact color rendition, there is a low-quality paint layer - it is cracking, obsypany paints, and also the uneven smeared image edges. Often happens that the low-quality paint coat, turns out, because of fabric on which the image becomes. Quite often the customer provides the t-shirts for the press. But if on a t-shirt it is printed nothing, then it does not mean at all that it is suitable for drawing images. Especially, if t-shirts are bought in the market. Only in the course of the press true properties of fabric — synthetic fibers on which paint badly keeps, and high pile which under a paint coat turns into dirt come to light. If you want to receive qualitative products — do not risk, buying in the market. The t-shirts intended for the press of logos are sewed from specially recommended fabric, and allow to guarantee very high quality.
All told about marriage in a stencil process belongs and for printing a transfer — pile and dust can bring to naught all efforts of technologists, and color under the influence of temperature always changes a shade. But all this quite solvable problems of quality. And here at silk-screen printing it is possible to create very saturated, convex image. If to print in several passes the impression is made that drawing is executed by oil.
Besides, it is possible to print gold, silver, the fluorescent or glowing in the dark paints, and also paints with effect of a flock, suede, and foaming. Thus, combining various technologies, paints and effects, we have huge opportunities for creation of an original corporate souvenir.
And as for firmness of the image, remember whether long ago you had to wipe paint from clothes? At observance of technology this press almost eternal "will also "die" only together with a thing. Especially resistant images turn out the foaming paints when heat treatment is for printing added.
Now it is a little about a batic. Let's tell a batic at once - it is a manual list. The first mentions of a list of fabrics by means of wax drawing occur already in "Natural history" of Pliniya and in the Chinese manuscripts of the 8th century.
Distinguish three main types of a batic — cold, hot and a free list. An essence of the technology one — the fabric sites which are not subject to coloring become covered with various pitches or beeswax and, being absorbed in fabric, protect it from paint. The prepared fabric is lowered in paint, then delete wax structure and as a result receive white drawing on the painted background. Then the artist paints with brushes a product, and here the result depends only on his skill. The product is processed by steam, cleared of excess paint, dries and ironed. Process of production is very labor-consuming therefore also cost is very high.
In "suvenirka" the batic became one of ways of dressing of expensive limited products. It is especially important that the batic gives the chance to individualize production of VIP-production and to prepare souvenirs almost personally. The basis of the product range is made by scarfs of natural silk, scarfs, a cachenez, etc.
Except already considered ways of the press (a transfer, silk-screen printing and a batic) there are technologies combining the basic principles of a transfer and silk-screen printing. This combination gave life to a pattern transfer and the sublimation press.
The pattern transfer is a kind of technology already known to you at which transferring of the image on paper happens not on the printer, and by means of paint. It is very popular type of the press at which all qualities of paint remain, but at the same time production of small circulations is possible. Most often such press is used on baseball caps and in circulations which need to be printed small parties.
The sublimation press is the special technology using ability of some substances (dyes) when heating to pass from a firm state directly into gaseous, passing a liquid phase. The transfer is printed by special sublimation paints, densely nestles a press and heats up to temperature at which there is a transition of paint to fabric fibers. The coloring mechanism here such is that paint does not lay down on a product surface, and gets between fibers and settles on them a thin layer. As a result, properties of the fabric do not change, and the press turns out superresistant to washings, but has one essential restriction — she is possible only on polymeric material!
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to order a cap, logos to order, baseball caps with a logo, caps with a logo, the press on caps, the press on baseball caps